El sindrome Guillain-Barre, ligado a una bacteria que se encuentra en la carne de pollo poco cocinada



El síndrome Guillain-Barre, una enfermedad que afecta al sistema nervioso central, está producido en la mayoría de los casos por la bacteria Campylo que se encuentra en la carne de pollo, según un estudio de F. Van der Meche, neurólogo del hospital Universitario de Rotterdam. De acuerdo con la investigación, en el 30% de los casos se desarrolla la enfermedad por infección intestinal que, sufre el paciente tan sólo dos semanas después de haber consumido la carne contaminada poco cocinada. Otras infecciones provocadas por el citomegalovirus, el virus del herpes o el mycroplasma pueden desembocar también, aunque en menos ocasiones, en el síndrome.

Aunque la mayoría de los afectados por la enfermedad serecupera satisfactoriamente, en ocasiones sufren efectos derivados, como debilidad muscular, y un 4% queda aquejado de parálisis irreversibles o de graves lesiones que hacen necesaria la respiración asistida. El síndrome se cobra entre dos y tres víctimas al año.

Según un estudio realizado a finales de octubre por la Asociación de Consumidores de Holanda, casi el 75% de la carne de pollo que se encuentra en las tiendas del país está contagiada por la bacteria. Uno de los mayores factores de riesgo es que aún no se cumplen todas las normas de higiene y que, de forma habitual, la carne de ave se cocina de forma insuficiente. «La enfermedad se puede prevenir fácilmente cocinándola bien», ha recomendado SJoerd Dijkstra, portavoz de la Asociación de Productores de Ganado, Carne y Huevos.

Los síntomas de síndrome Guillian Barré son: debilidad o falta de fuerza, hormigueo en manos y pies; y dolor muscular generalizado.

El Síndrome de Guillain-Barré (SGB) es un trastorno poco frecuente que afecta a los nervios que controlan el movimiento de brazos y piernas. No es contagioso.

Tratamiento gratuito

Reduce la gravedad de la enfermedad y ayuda a la recuperación del paciente.

Evita las enfermedades diarréicas o respiratorias:

  • Lava tus manos para evitar el contagio de infecciones respiratorias y gastrointestinales.
  • Cúbrete al estornudar con un pañuelo descartable o con el antebrazo.
  • Vacúnate contra la influenza especialmente si tienes más de 60 años de edad.


  • Sensación de hormigueo o adormecimiento en brazos y manos.
  • Debilidad progresiva en las piernas.
  • Debilidad en los músculos de la cara.
  • Dolor muscular.

Si una persona presenta alguno de estos síntomas, debe acudir de inmediato al establecimiento de salud más cercano.

Línea de información

Para más información sobre el Síndrome de Guillain Barré (SGB) llama gratis al 113 Salud.

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