Conoce qué son nevadas, heladas, friajes y aprende a diferenciarlos

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La población en general suele confundir términos como heladas, nevadas y friaje como si se tratase de lo mismo. Especialistas del Servicio Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología (Senamhi) nos explican el significado de cada una de estas manifestaciones de las bajas temperaturas.

 
Piero Rivas, meteorólogo del Senamhi, sostiene que las nevadas son un tipo deprecipitación en forma de nieve que se producen por el ingreso de aire húmedo desde el este. Ocurren en zonas altoandinas, sobre todo en la sierra centro y sur, tanto en temporada de verano como en invierno.
 
 
En verano, las nevadas son más frecuentes en lugares ubicados por encima de los 3,800 metros sobre el nivel del mar.
 
SENAMHI @Senamhiperu
 

#AprendeconelSENAMHI Las nevadas son precipitaciones en forma de nieve y ocurren en zonas altoandinas. Más información http://youtu.be/FenlnyqSrCE  #ElPerúPrimero

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Sin embargo, las nevadas más intensas se presentan en estación de invierno y en zonas ubicadas desde los 3,400 metros sobre el nivel del mar. La nieve en esta temporada abarca más territorios y puede superar los 20 centímetros de espesor.   
 
Heladas
 
Son fenómenos que se presentan en la sierra en períodos de otoño e invierno, cuando la temperatura desciende por debajo de los cero grados y ocurre en zonas localizadas por encima de los 2,500 metros de altitud.
 
SENAMHI @Senamhiperu
 

#AprendeConElSENAMHI Las #Heladas son fenómenos que se presentan en la sierra cuando la temperatura desciende por debajo de los 0 °C. Infórmate dónde se presentarán con los avisos meteorológicos http://bit.ly/2K50NA1  #ElPerúPrimero

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La manifestación de las heladas ocurre por el ingreso de masas de aire secoa lugares con cielo despejado, con intensa sensación de frío durante la noche y la madrugada.
 
 
En localidades por encima de los 4,000 metros sobre el nivel del mar la temperatura nocturna puede descender hasta los 20 grados bajo cero.
 
 
Friajes
 
Es un descenso brusco de la temperatura que se presenta únicamente en la selva. Responde a una masa de aire frío que proviene de la Antártida e ingresa con fuerza por el sur del continente en dirección a la región amazónica.
 
SENAMHI @Senamhiperu
 

#AprendeConElSENAMHI Todos los años los #friajes en el Perú llegan entre 6 y 10 veces. Esta masa de aire frío proveniente de la Antártida desciende la temperatura en la selva bruscamente. Infórmate https://bit.ly/2K50NA1  #ElPerúPrimero

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“A diferencia de las heladas, en los friajes no sucede un enfriamiento del aire, sino que se genera un transporte de aire frío hacia la selva, lo cual desplaza el aire cálido que suele registrarse habitualmente en esa región hacia el norte”, manifestó Rivas.
 
 
Los friajes se presentan todos los años en el Perú con una frecuencia de 6 a 10 veces. El encuentro de las masas de aire frío y cálido origina lluvias intensas, descargas eléctricas y ráfagas de viento que acompañan al descenso brusco de la temperatura.

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