Huaral: Sabias del aluvión que sepultó a 650 personas en la laguna Muchuhuaín donde estaba la minera Chungar

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Fue cuestión de segundos!!

Eran las 8:15 de la mañana del 18 de marzo de 1971, un asiento minero de la empresa Chungar se instaló a orillas de la laguna, esa mañana cayo parte del cerro que sepultó a todo el pueblo llevando a su paso loso, piedras y el cuerpo de los aldeanos mineros. Sus restos, no fueron encontrados porque muchos de ellos fueron arrastrados por los túneles “Rescatamos algunos cuerpos aguas debajo de la laguna. Fue lamentable” dijo Atencio, uno de los sobrevivientes.

Según información adicional en las redes sociales informan que las faldas del cerro Puajanca se desprendieron enormes piedras que rodaron incontenibles arrastrando  barro  en espantosas cantidades. Por la fuerza de gravedad que originaba la pendiente fueron a caer sobre la laguna de Muchuhuaín con gran estrépito. Todas estas piedras y barro allí acumulados ejercieron terrible presión originando un alud inmenso e incontenible que fue a destruir el campamento de Chungar, residencia de los obreros con sus familias. Sólo una parte del campamento ubicado en la parte alta, llamado Tacora, habitado por cien familias, quedó sin ser tocado por el alud. Fue un milagro.

Las instalaciones metalúrgicas, oficinas generales, dos escuelas y la plazuela central, desaparecieron inmediatamente tragados por el lodo. En ese momento despachaba en su oficina el superintendente general, ingeniero Enrico Rossone, de nacionalidad italiana y otros ingenieros de la gerencia general. El ingeniero Foción Vicente Coronado, subgerente de la compañía, se salvó porque había viajado al Cerro de Pasco a efectuar unos trámites burocráticos. Hasta ese momento, la mina de exitosa producción que jamás había tenido accidentes graves desde que iniciara sus actividades en 1936, era propiedad de  Anselmo Mateo Galluff. Actualmente es de la Empresa Administradora Chungar.

Los sobrevivientes cuentan que el obrero Ceferino Baldeón, que había estado de viaje y llegaba en ese instante al campamento, vio aterrorizado cómo lodo y piedras se tragaban el reducto obrero donde vivía con su mujer y sus hijos. Desesperado corrió para tratar de hacer algo por salvarlos. No pudo. Abatido gritaba e iba por un lado y otro buscando con impotencia un lugar por dónde socorrer a su gente, pero ya nada pudo hacer. En contados segundos todo se había cubierto de lodo y piedras. Desesperado gritaba llamando a su mujer y sus hijos y su llanto era inconteniblemente desesperado. Inconsolable.

Su desesperación le hizo romper el fino límite del raciocinio. Se volvió loco y nunca más pudo recobrar la razón. En ese paraje del tiempo se vio una cadena de solidaridad de aquellos castigados seres humanos.

Hombres y mujeres que no habían sido afectados -entre ellos los mineros que estaban trabajando en los socavones- corrieron a auxiliar a los damnificados y por más que lo intentaron, sólo les quedó sacar los cadáveres del lodo y colocarlos a lo largo de la carretera en donde se desarrollaron impresionantes escenas de dolor. Aquella noche se amanecieron velando a las víctimas en medio de una lluvia persistente que no dejó de caer en ningún momento y en un frío espantoso de diez grados bajo cero.

Aquella madrugada, a las 2.30, cuando los seres más sensibles prestaban su generoso auxilio para rescatar los cadáveres y los policías  se encontraban en labores de apoyo y el resto estaba velando los restos mortales, una cáfila de malditos, completamente encapuchados, sin importarles para nada el dolor reinante,  asaltaron la compañía BERTOLERO y tras maniatar al contador y al vigilante, se llevaron la suma de 480 mil soles.

En las primeras horas del día siguiente, autoridades, bomberos, médicos, enfermeros, voluntarios y policía, pudieron superar el accidentado trayecto del camino carretero que para llegar a Chungar tenía que  salir del Cerro de Pasco a Colquiirca, Río Pallanga y Santander. Fue conmovedor aquel viaje. Todas las compañías mineras con una prontitud asombrosa hicieron llegar su ayuda: Santander, Alpamarca, Huarón, Cerro de Pasco, Atacocha, Vinchos. Víveres, frazadas, medicinas. El prefecto del Departamento de Pasco, Justo Armando Cabello inició una cruzada para que el pueblo pudiera socorrer a los damnificados. Los cerreños agrupados por barrios, en conmovedora muestra de hermandad, hicieron llegar su generosa colaboración.

Esta vez sí, como nunca -es justo decirlo- la prensa limeña cubrió ampliamente la trágica noticia y dirigió la ayuda a los damnificados. Lo único que originó problemas es el número de muertos. Cada diario daba su versión llegando a mil muertos, otros ochocientos etc. Fue tanta la pugna que el ministro general Artola, salió a decir que no se exagerara. No había mil muertos. Su preocupación era desmentir a los periódicos. Pero la mayoría del pueblo peruano se conmovió. Hasta el papa Paulo VI hizo llegar su bendición a los habitantes de Chungar.

Olvidándose la discusión, se llegó a establecer el número legal y total de víctimas: 245 muertos (160 obreros, 31 empleados, 2 profesores, 43 amas de casa y 7 no identificados); 185, desaparecido y 410 sobrevivientes.

Ésta es otra de las tantas trágicas muestras de dolor del “Pueblo Mártir del Perú”.

 

Actualmente, la laguna está administrada por la Junta de Usuarios de Huaral, en el lugar aún refleja los minutos de terror que vivieron.

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